- Assessed value and taxable value are not synonymous terms.
- Property is assessed as of January first.
- Property is reassessed every two years.
Taxes are levied on a value determined by the auditor by applying a "roll back" percentage to the assessed value and deducting any applicable exemptions or credits.
The "roll back" percentages vary each year. On values determined as of January first, one does not stand to pay taxes until eighteen months later. The "roll back" is the percentage of actual value that is determined by the Director of Revenue and Finance each year on the several classes of property where the total value increase STATEWIDE, exceeds four percent for each class of property. The percentage is determined by the Director of Revenue and Finance are certified to and applied by the local county auditor to all property in each class effected throughout the state.
Percentages determined by the Director of revenues and finance are the same for all the assessing jurisdictions in the State. Increases in assessed value of individual parcels of property as determined by the assessor, may exceed three percent within a jurisdiction. Agricultural property, except agricultural dwellings, are assessed on the basis of productivity and net earning capacity using a five year crop average and capitalized at the rate set by the Legislature. The rate is currently seven percent. Tentative and final equalization orders are issued by the Director of Revenue and Finance in odd numbered years on or about August 15th, and October 1st respectively. The orders are sent to the various county auditors who apply them to the classes of property affected, if any. Assessors and members of the Board of Review are appointed to their terms of office.
Assessors, in addition to completing the required 150 hours of Continuing Education, must be approved by a majority vote of the Conference Board
in order to be reappointed. If you desire further information, questions concerning PROPERTY VALUES or other information relating thereto should be addressed to the assessor's office in the respective jurisdiction and not the Board of Supervisors or Treasurer.
The assessors of Iowa hope that the information contained herein will be of value to the property owner and has clarified some of these problems
and issues relating to assessment and the applicable laws. This information was prepared by the Public Relations Committee of the Iowa State Association of Assessors.
Homestead Tax Credit
To qualify for the credit, the property owner must be a resident of Iowa and occupy the property on July 1 and for at least six months of every year. New applications for homestead tax credit are to be filed with the Assessor on or before July 1 of the year the credit is first claimed.
Once a person qualifies, the credit continues until the property is sold or until the owner no longer qualifies.
This credit reduces the value on which taxes are calculated by a maximum of $4,850. (refer to code of Iowa, Chapter 425)
Iowa Disabled Veteran Homestead Credit Tax
Filing Requirements: This credit may be claimed by any 100% disabled veteran of any military forces of the United States.
The Veteran's DD214 papers must be recorded with the Recorder and a current copy of the benefits paid letter showing the percentage of disability must be submitted to the assessor at the time the application is filed.
The amount of the credit is a maximum of the entire amount of tax payable on the homestead.
Military Tax Exemption
To file for the exemption, the property owner must be a resident of Iowa and meet one of the following qualifications;
Honorably discharged veteran who served in eligible service period.
Honorably discharged veteran who served for a minimum of 18 months, or for fewer than 18 months because of a service related injury.
Former member, or member who is currently serving, of Reserve Forces or Iowa National Guard who has served at least 20 years.
Member of Reserve Forces or Iowa National Guard who was activated for Federal duty, not including training for a minimum or 90 days.
Former member of the armed forces whose enlistment would have occurred during the Korean conflict but chose to serve 5 yr in the reserve forces
New applications must be made with the Assessor on or before July 1 of the year the exemption is first claimed. As with the Homestead Tax Credit, the exemption remains in effect until the property owner is no longer eligible.
This exemption is worth the taxes calculated on $2,778 for WWI veterans & $1,852 for all others after that time. (Refer to Code of Iowa Chapter 427)
Family Farm Tax Credit
This is a tax credit on agricultural tracts of land 10 acres or more that are farmed by the owner or immediate family members (this incased brothers/sisters, sons/daughters,
grandchildren, uncles/aunts, nephews/ nieces).
To obtain the credit, the owner must file an application for credit with the assessor by November 1. If the claim for credit is approved, no further filing shall be required provided the ownership and the designated person actively engaged in farming the property remain the same during successive years.
A new application for credit shall be required only if the property is sold or the designated person changes.
The owner shall provide written notice to the assessor if the designated person changes.
Failure to do so shall result in the owner's being liable for the amount of the credit plus a penalty equal to 5 percent of the amount of the credit granted.